Ref:LacourseTetal-2007

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Author Lacourse, T.; et al.
Year 2007
Title Paleoecological analyses of lake sediments reveal prehistoric human impacts on forests at Anthony Island UNESCO World Heritage Site, Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii), Canada
Journal/Newsletter Quaternary Research
Volume 68
Issue
Pages 177-183
Abstract
Annotations


Lacourse, T. and et al.
2007 Paleoecological analyses of lake sediments reveal prehistoric human impacts on forests at Anthony Island UNESCO World Heritage Site, Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii), Canada. Quaternary Research 68:177-183.


In this study Lacourse et al. analyse pollen and plant macrofossils from Anthony Island, revealing a significant decline in red cedar pollen percentages dating to about 1000 cal yr BP. This coincides to just after the early occupation of the island. The authors argue that selective resource use by the Haida people of the island is the most probable explanation for this change in red cedar pollen percentages. From ethnographic and historical literature it is known that the occupants of SGang Gwaay utilised red cedar extensively for the construction of houses, canoes, mortuary and totem poles, etc. The findings of this study are then quite significant, as they confirm the extensive use of western red cedar since the early occupation of SGang Gwaay. This makes clear the value of red cedar as a very important element throughout the history of this site, especially in such culturally significant constructions as houses and totems.

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