Ref:HebdaRJetal-2005

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Author Hebda, Richard J.; et al.
Year 2005
Section Title Vegetation History of Anthony Island, Haida Gwaii, and Its Relationship to Climate Change and Human Settlement
Editor Daryl W. Fedje and Rolf W. Mathewes
Volume Title Haida Gwaii: Human History and Environment from the Time of the Loon to the Time of the Iron People
Series
Publisher University of British Columbia Press
City Vancouver
Pages 59-76
Abstract
Annotations


Hebda, Richard J. and et al.
2005 Vegetation History of Anthony Island, Haida Gwaii, and Its Relationship to Climate Change and Human Settlement. In Haida Gwaii: Human History and Environment from the Time of the Loon to the Time of the Iron People, edited by Daryl W. Fedje and Rolf W. Mathewes, pp. 59-76, University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver.


This chapter studies the relationship between climate change and human settlement on Anthony Island as a model for understanding this same relationship in broader terms for all of Haida Gwaii. The authors provide a detailed description of Anthony Island, including size, vegetation, and different features of the landscape. Descriptions of the cultural history of the island, and SGang Gwaay in particular, are given as well, spanning 1600 years. The study itself is a pollen analysis of the island’s vegetation that extends back 10 000 years. The results of the study reveal changes in the environment that were clearly manmade, such as forest clearing and selective resource use, that could be directly observed in the pollen analysis. These findings demonstrate that the occupants of SGang Gwaay had a very real and lasting impact on the surrounding environment. The results of this study are important for the environmental chronology they provide of the island to supplement the cultural chronology, but also because it demonstrates so absolutely that SGang Gwaay impacted and shaped the environment of the island to such an observable extent.

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