Port Refuge Cold Component

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Culture(s) Arctic Small Tool Tradition
Independence I
Temporal Period(s) Pre-Dorset Period

Summary Details

Borden Number: RbJu-1 (Cold Component)
Location: Port Refuge, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada (Approx. 76° 19' 23" N, 94° 41' 42" W)
Period: Pre-Dorset Period (McGhee 1979)
Date Range: circa 2100 BC


  • Helps define the distribution of Independence I occupations and artifact types in the Canadian High Arctic

Research History

Site Discovery

  • Identified by McGhee in 1974 and first excavated in 1977 (1979)

Major Finds/Insights

  • 31 structural features along raised beaches between 22 and 25 metres above sea level

Current Investigations


Formation and Occupational History

Radiocarbon dates from this site are from sea mammal bone and are therefore are subject to the reservoir effect (McGhee & Tuck 1976). As such, the dates provided can be assumed to be older than the site occupation.

  • RCD: (Feature 19) 4450 +/- 55 BP (S-1660) (McGhee 1979) - adjusted for reservoir effect to 4165 +/- 55 BP
  • RCD: (Feature 19) 2065 +/- 50 BP (S-1689) (McGhee 1979) - deemed erroneous

Material Culture

General Notes

Site Map

Map of Feature Locations at the Cold Site (RbJu-1)


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