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Temporal Period Early Paleo-Indian


Lanceolate, fluted projectile points with concave bases and rounded basal ears.


Basal Shape: Concave, occasionally waisted
Hafting Modification: Single basal fluting
Edge Shape: Lanceolate
Other Notes:


Source Ellis 1984
Length R 50 mm - 95 mm
X 68.4 mm
Width R 20 mm - 37 mm
X 29.6 mm
Thickness R 6.0 mm - 8.5 mm
X 7.6 mm
Basal Concavity Depth R 2.0 mm - 8.5 mm
X 4.9 mm


Ellis 1984:

Technological Notes

  • Former Name: Bull Brook
  • Gainey points are believed to represent the beginning of a temporal trend towards smaller and better-fluted points, as evidenced by the later Barnes and Crowfield forms. This trend has been documented elsewhere in North America (Deller & Ellis 1988, Roosa 1977, Roosa & Deller 1982).
  • Parallel collateral flaking (Ellis 1984).
  • Lateral basal edge grinding common, occasionally producing a pronounced shoulder where grinding meets flaking (Ellis 1984).

Geographical Distribution

Southwestern Ontario, Michigan, Ohio, New York (Ellis & Deller 1990:41, Ellis 1984).

Temporal-Cultural Affiliation

Map of sites where Gainey specimens have been reported

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Note: In the interest of protecting our shared cultural heritage from those who would do it harm, intentional or otherwise, only approximate site locations are provided here.

Archaeological Contexts

Notable Sites/Components

Similar Points Types

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