Difference between revisions of "Burin-Faceted Projectile Point"

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*Distal and proximal
 
*Distal and proximal
 
*Post-breakage - not from impact
 
*Post-breakage - not from impact
*Restricted to Paleo-Indian and Archaic period sites in Texas, New Mexico,  
+
*Restricted to Paleo-Indian and Archaic period sites in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, COlorado, Nebraska, Alabama, Michigan, Alaska, Northwest Territories
 
*Highest frequency during Paleo-Indian period, far less common in Archaic period
 
*Highest frequency during Paleo-Indian period, far less common in Archaic period
 
*All 'struck' burins
 
*All 'struck' burins
Line 15: Line 15:
 
*Proximal burination used to shape hafting element
 
*Proximal burination used to shape hafting element
 
**Transverse basal burination is a diagnostic attribute of [[Decatur]] points in Alabama ({{Cite|CambronJW-1957|Cambron 1957}})
 
**Transverse basal burination is a diagnostic attribute of [[Decatur]] points in Alabama ({{Cite|CambronJW-1957|Cambron 1957}})
 +
*May be parents for the [[Burin Spall Tool]] ({{Cite|GiddingsJL-1956|Giddings 1956}})
 +
*Closest similar specimens are from the North American Arctic, post-Denbigh Flint Complex
 +
*"Distally faceted projectile points are considered true burins because they conform in all respects to the burin types
 +
known in the Old World"({{Cite|EpsteinJF-1963|Epstein 1963:199}})
 +
===Point types with burin facets===
 +
*Distal & Proximal: [[Clovis]], [[Cumberland]], [[Folsom]], [[Meserve]]
 +
*Proximal Only: [[Decatur]]
 
===Sites with specimens===
 
===Sites with specimens===
*McClure Mound, Williamson Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[McClure Mound]], Williamson Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Site NT-86, Palo Pinto Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[Site NT-86]], Palo Pinto Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Site CT-13, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[Site CT-13]], Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Site 41CM3, Comal Co., Texas. Johnson and others 1962. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[Site 41CM3]], Comal Co., Texas. Johnson and others 1962. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Site 4-1, Colorado. Bert Mountain Collection.
+
*[[Site 4-1]], Colorado. Bert Mountain Collection.
*Pine Tree Site 76, Alabama. James W. Cambron Collection.
+
*[[Pine Tree Site 76]], Alabama. James W. Cambron Collection.
*Site CT-50, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[Site CT-50]], Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Site 8, Mound 12, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[Site 8]], Mound 12, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Lynch Estate, Leon Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[Lynch Estate]], Leon Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Fate Bell No. 1, Val Verde Co., Texas. Univ. Texas
+
*[[Fate Bell No. 1]], Val Verde Co., Texas. Univ. Texas
Site NT-44, Young Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[Site NT-44]], Young Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Site 3, Mound 2, Llano Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[Site 3]], Mound 2, Llano Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Site ST-27, Starr Co., Texas. Weir 1956. Frank Weir Collection.
+
*[[Site ST-27]], Starr Co., Texas. Weir 1956. Frank Weir Collection.
*Site ST-9, Starr Co., Texas. Frank Weir Collection.
+
*[[Site ST-9]], Starr Co., Texas. Frank Weir Collection.
*Site 38, Mound 1, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
+
*[[Site 38]], Mound 1, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Quad Site, Alabama. Cambron and Hulse 1960. D. C. Hulse Collection.
+
*[[Quad Site]], Alabama. Cambron and Hulse 1960. D. C. Hulse Collection.
*Walsh site, Williamson Co., Texas. Don Walker Collection.
+
*[[Walsh Site]], Williamson Co., Texas. Don Walker Collection.
*Lehner site, Arizona. Haury 1956. Univ. Arizona Collection.
+
*[[Lehner Site]], Arizona. Haury 1956. Univ. Arizona Collection.
 
*Site 1, Williamson Co., Texas. Campbell 1948. Univ. Texas Collection.
 
*Site 1, Williamson Co., Texas. Campbell 1948. Univ. Texas Collection.
*Blackwater Draw locality, Roosevelt Co., New Mexico.
+
*[[Blackwater Draw]] locality, Roosevelt Co., New Mexico
*Kincaid Shelter, Uvalde Co., Texas. Sellards 1952
+
*[[Campus Site]], New Mexico
*Levi Rock Shelter, Travis Co., Texas. Alexander 1963
+
*[[Kincaid Shelter]], Uvalde Co., Texas. Sellards 1952
*Crumley Site, Travas County, Texas
+
*[[Levi Rock Shelter]], Travis Co., Texas. Alexander 1963
 +
*[[Crumley Site]], Travas County, Texas

Revision as of 02:47, 17 February 2018

Artifact: Stone Tool
Class
Culture(s) Various
Temporal Period {{{5}}}

Epstein 1963

  • Intentional burination of projectile points
  • Distal and proximal
  • Post-breakage - not from impact
  • Restricted to Paleo-Indian and Archaic period sites in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, COlorado, Nebraska, Alabama, Michigan, Alaska, Northwest Territories
  • Highest frequency during Paleo-Indian period, far less common in Archaic period
  • All 'struck' burins
  • Distal burination used to shape working edges
  • Proximal burination used to shape hafting element
    • Transverse basal burination is a diagnostic attribute of Decatur points in Alabama (Cambron 1957)
  • May be parents for the Burin Spall Tool (Giddings 1956)
  • Closest similar specimens are from the North American Arctic, post-Denbigh Flint Complex
  • "Distally faceted projectile points are considered true burins because they conform in all respects to the burin types

known in the Old World"(Epstein 1963:199)

Point types with burin facets

Sites with specimens

  • McClure Mound, Williamson Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Site NT-86, Palo Pinto Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Site CT-13, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Site 41CM3, Comal Co., Texas. Johnson and others 1962. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Site 4-1, Colorado. Bert Mountain Collection.
  • Pine Tree Site 76, Alabama. James W. Cambron Collection.
  • Site CT-50, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Site 8, Mound 12, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Lynch Estate, Leon Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Fate Bell No. 1, Val Verde Co., Texas. Univ. Texas
  • Site NT-44, Young Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Site 3, Mound 2, Llano Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Site ST-27, Starr Co., Texas. Weir 1956. Frank Weir Collection.
  • Site ST-9, Starr Co., Texas. Frank Weir Collection.
  • Site 38, Mound 1, Travis Co., Texas. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Quad Site, Alabama. Cambron and Hulse 1960. D. C. Hulse Collection.
  • Walsh Site, Williamson Co., Texas. Don Walker Collection.
  • Lehner Site, Arizona. Haury 1956. Univ. Arizona Collection.
  • Site 1, Williamson Co., Texas. Campbell 1948. Univ. Texas Collection.
  • Blackwater Draw locality, Roosevelt Co., New Mexico
  • Campus Site, New Mexico
  • Kincaid Shelter, Uvalde Co., Texas. Sellards 1952
  • Levi Rock Shelter, Travis Co., Texas. Alexander 1963
  • Crumley Site, Travas County, Texas
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