Ref:TurnbullCJ-1976

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Author Turnbull, C.J.
Year 1976
Title Augustine Site: A Mound From the Maritimes
Journal/Newsletter Archaeology of East North America
Volume 4
Issue
Pages 50-62
Abstract
Annotations


Turnbull, C.J.
1976 Augustine Site: A Mound From the Maritimes. Archaeology of East North America 4:50-62.


This article published in 1976 is the first paper to have been written regarding excavations at the Augustine Mound in New Brunswick. It was published after the first season of excavation and was to have been followed by another in the summer of 1976. The site was discovered in 1972 and was excavated in the summer of 1975. The archaeological method was a quadrant-grid with arbitrary excavation of 20 cm intervals. Five burial features were found (each could contain several burials) with a central burial feature, which remained unexcavated. The contents of the features included primary and secondary burials involving cremation with offerings of an unburned human skull, lithic tools (including bifaces, stemmed bifaces, adzes etc.), bone tools, polished stone, red ochre, animal bones, bark and fabric coverings, and many copper beads. An uncalibrated radio carbon date indicates that the mound was constructed by approximately 2330 BP and the stratigraphy indicates that the burials were conducted at the time of construction. Burial mounds and similar archaeological assemblage suggests continuity of Adena Culture (those from the Boucher Site of Vermont in particular) between the Late Archaic and Early Woodland period. This article opens a dialogue regarding the origins of what appears as Adena cultural remains in New Brunswick.

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