Ref:HeckenbergerHJetal-1990

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Author Heckenberger, M.J.; Petersen J.B.; Basa, L.A.; Crowie, E.R.; Speiss A.E.; Stuckenrath, R.E.
Year 1990
Title Early Woodland Period Mortuary Ceremonialism in the Far Northeast: A View From The Boucher Cemetery
Journal/Newsletter Archaeology of East North America
Volume 18
Issue
Pages 109-144
Abstract
Annotations


Heckenberger, M.J., Petersen J.B., L.A. Basa, E.R. Crowie, Speiss A.E. and R.E. Stuckenrath
1990 Early Woodland Period Mortuary Ceremonialism in the Far Northeast: A View From The Boucher Cemetery. Archaeology of East North America 18:109-144.


This publication discusses the findings from the Boucher Cemetery Site in Vermont. Radiocarbon dating provides indicates use of the site from approximately 1000-100 cal BC, although occupation may have continued to 1000 cal BP. Lithic finds included 119 flaked stone tools, 76 ground stone tools, clay tablets, unmodified pebbles, and red ochre pigment. Ceramic finds include Early Woodland pottery (very similar to fabric paddled Vinette 1 type) throughout the region, resembling those found in Maritime Sites such as McKinlay. Bone artifacts included cervid bone and antler tools in addition to unmodified faunal remains. Native copper finds were also excavated and featured some tools, such as awls (and possibly others) but a large quantity of 6706 beads. The authors interpret the findings as evidence for a social network reaching from the Ohio River Valley to the Eastern Maritime.

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